People once went hungry. A rich man who made bread and cakes sent for twenty of the __1__ children in the town, and told them to take a loaf（条）of bread from a __2__ every day till the hard days passed. The hunger children came together __3__ , and argued for the bread, because each wished to have the largest one. Finally they went away without even thanking the good gentleman. But Gretchen, a poorly-dressed little girl, did not argue or __4__ with the rest, but remained standing quietly far away from them. __5__ the bad-mannered girls left, she took the smallest bread, which alone was left in the basket, kissed the gentleman’s hand, and went home. The next day the children were as bad-mannered as before, and poor, shy Gretchen __6__ a loaf hardly the size of the one she got the first day. When she came home, her mother cut the loaf open. Many new shining pieces of __7__ fell out of it. Her mother was very surprised and worried, and said, “Take the money back to the good gentleman at once, for it must have got into the dough（生面团） __8__ mistake. Be quick, Gretchen! Be quick!” But when the little girl gave the rich man her mother’s __9__ , he said, “No, no, my child, it was no mistake. I had the silver pieces put into the smallest loaf to give you. Always be as satisfied, quiet, and __10__ as you now are. Go home now, and tell your mother that the money is your own.”
As we know, there are differences between Western culture and Chinese culture. . Let’s look at some words about animals and plants. Most expressions in Chinese about the dog, for example, “a homeless dog”, “a mad dog”, “a running dog” and “a dog catching a mouse”, have bad meanings. . In English, people use the dog to describe good actions. For example, “you are a lucky dog” means you are a lucky person. And “every dog has its day” means each person has good luck sometimes. TO describe a person’s serious illness, they say “sick as a dog”. The word “dog-tired” means very tired. . But in Western culture, “cat” is often used to describe a woman who is unkind. There are many other examples of how “cat” is used differently as well. . People think the rose stands for love, peace, courage and friendship. And the rose is the national flower of England, America and many other countries. . We can learn about many differences in cultures by comparing how some words are used.